Web servers are computers that respond to a browser’s request and deliver it through the internet. To get this service, you need to pay a hosting charge, though sometimes you get offers like web hosting India free for a stipulated time. There are four types of web hosting
- Shared Hosting: This type of hosting is very cheap as the same server is used for all websites, which can be from few hundred to thousands. Not much technical know-how is required in this. The problem comes in the case of high traffic or spikes. As there are common RAM and CPU, in case of high traffic the sites can get down. The other disadvantage is that no root access is available.
- Virtual Private Server: This is a step better than shared hosting. Here, a virtual private server hosting divides a server into various virtual servers. So, it looks like every website has its own dedicated server, though in reality it is shared by others too. The difference here is that you have root access to your own virtual server and hence the security is a shade better than shared hosting. But in case of high traffic, the problem is same as that in shared hosting.
- Dedicated Hosting: As the name suggests, the server is dedicated only for your usage. It means paying more you have rented the entire server and it is exclusively for your website. These are only recommended for those businesses, which require greater control and security as the cost is really high.
- Cloud Hosting: The latest fad is cloud hosting. A team of servers is called a cloud, which works together and hosts a group of websites. This is best when it comes to handling traffic spikes or even high traffic days. As multiple computers work together, during traffic spikes, they can handle a particular website very efficiently. It is also costly and the major drawback here is that mostly they do not give root access.
So, these are all the four types of hosting servers, which are actually the storage centres for your website. Depending upon the storage capacity, control, technical know-how, server speed and reliability and cost, you need to decide which suits you the best.